First things first – Things to be mindful of…
What are universal precautions?
It is a set of practices used by caregivers at all times to avoid unnecessary exposure whether or not an infection is suspected.
- Hand Washing
- Wearing of Gloves
- Using Face Shield/Pocket Mask
What do you in the event of an emergency?
IT IS IMPORTANT TO REMAIN CALM AND APPROACH THE CASUALTY IN THE SAME MANNER
Ensure that you do a:
- Scene Survey—Check surrounding for hazards and determine number of casualties
- Primary Survey—Treat all life threatening conditions (ABC)
- Secondary Survey– Detailed head to toe examination of the casualty especially if you are going to transport
- On Going Care— Reassessment, reassurance and record findings while waiting on medical help or transporting casualty.
Do not leave the scene until help arrives
WHEN CALLING FOR HELP
Give as much information as possible including the following:
- Location of the accident
- Type and seriousness of injuries
- Number of casualties
DO NOT HANG UP UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO
Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation is the combination of two life skills Chest Compression & Artificial Respiration.
CPR is needed whenever there is an unresponsive casualty who is not breathing. The AED should be used as soon as it is available.
Begin CPR by giving 30 chest compressions followed by two rescue breaths. Continue until the casualty regains normal breathing, shows sign of regaining consciousness, medical help arrive or until you are too exhausted to continue.
If the unconscious casualty regains breathing, place in the Recovery Position as injury permits.
- Turn the casualty on his side
- Keep his head tilted with his jaw forward to maintain an open airway.
- Make sure he cannot roll forward or backward
- Reassess frequently.
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